Dovetail: A method of joining the corners of a box together which makes an extremely stable and durable joint. Used to construct a drawer box.
Mortis and Tenon: A method of joining the corners of a box or frame together which makes an extremely stable and durable joint. Used to connect the rails and stiles of a door.
Rail: The piece of a door frame which runs horizontal at the top and bottom of the door and connects the vertical stiles.
Stile: The piece of a door frame which runs vertical on the left and right ends of the door and connects the horizontal rails.
Panel: The center piece of a door which is surrounded on four sides by rails and stiles. May be flat, raised, or beaded.
Stock Cabinets: A term commonly used to define cabinets which cannot be customized when ordered. They come in predetermined sizes and finishes. Stock cabinets are generally less expensive and made of lesser quality than Custom Cabinets.
Semi-custom Cabinets: A term commonly used to define cabinets which have limited options for customization when ordered. They may be able to be sized to fit, eliminating the need for fillers. Semi-custom cabinets are generally in between Stock and Custom cabinets in price. The quality varies widely as more manufacturers of low-end products are offering custom options.
Custom Cabinets: A term commonly used to define cabinets which have a wide range of options for customization when ordered. Custom cabinets will range from middle to high end in pricing. They are generally higher quality using better materials and construction methods than Stock and Semi-custom cabinets.
Particle Board: Also called Furniture Board. A pressed wood chip material used in the construction of cabinet boxes. Stock cabinets utilize this material for most if not all of the make up of the box. Semi-custom and Custom cabinets may use this material as well, but they are more likely to use some particle board with other materials.
MDF: Medium Density Fiberboard. A material made from fine wood particles and glue, which is formed and pressed into sheets. MDF is sronger than particle board due to it's greater density. This may be used in Semi-custom or Custom cabinet box construction. It is typically not used in stock cabinets because it is more expensive than particle board.
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